Of all the temples of Egyptian antiquity, Abu Simbel is considered to be the most spectacular and one of the best preserved. It is situated on the West Bank of the Nile, about 280 km south of Aswan.
The master builder was Ramses II, one of Egypt’s greatest pharaohs. Ramses II built two magnificent temples, the grandest and most complete example of ancient Egyptian architecture. The larger temple celebrates the pharaoh himself, while the smaller one honors his wife, Queen Nefertari.
The temples, built originally to impress the Nubians with the power and glory of the new Kingdom, continue to cast their spell on visitors to this day.